The concept of eco-efficiency (EE) is an upcoming concept related to sustainable development. EE is defined as creating added value and minimizing environmental impacts. Environmental commitment can give a business a better competitive and innovative position. However, only a small number of general businesses have adopted eco-efficient practices due to lack of clarity.
The purpose of this thesis is to study the success factors for the integration of EE in tourism businesses. Thus, the focus lies on the applicability of EE in tourism businesses. The following research question is addressed: Under what conditions is it possible for tourism businesses to integrate EE? Qualitative data is obtained through desk-research. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted. Findings shed light on the potential of EE in tourism businesses and its success factors. It is found that the application of EE as a policy in tourism businesses slightly differs from integrating EE as a policy in general businesses. The objectives and limitations of EE differ between general businesses and tourism businesses. On the contrary, the definition, goal, strategies, success factors and benefits of EE are similar for general businesses and tourism businesses.
Author: S. Autar (2014)