Tourism can be used as a tool to alleviate poverty. The following essay explores the three strategies proposed by Roe and Khanya (2002) in the context of Sumba, Indonesia. Each strategy is laid out in detail, followed by an explanation how it can or is implemented on Sumba based on the authors experience during fieldwork on this small island destination.
This essay is based on the concepts of seeing a tourism destination as a lived place and of using artifacts in the management of tourism. The theoretical concepts of lived places and artifacts are explained. After the theoretical explanation the essay focuses on the use of artifacts to solve waste problems in tourism destinations. Examples are provided from the islands of Sumba and Belitung, two upcoming tourism destinations in Indonesia.
Tourism destinations can be viewed as networks of relationships. Some of the nodes in this network influence and control other elements of the system. Because of the often non-physical presence of controlling actors in the destination, tourism can be seen as a form of long distance control. Considering the expansion of capitalistic systems in previously isolated destinations, relationships of exploitation, dependency and control are becoming more evident. Two island destinations in Indonesia, Sumba and Belitung, are compared and used as a point of reflection on development and long-distance control. Based on this analysis, the paper proposes that destinations that have more structured networks, formalized economies and governance systems are more economically developed but at the same time more dependent on outsiders and less self-sufficient.